The mouthpiece is a very important feature of any bach trumpet. It is simply a circular opening which connects the lips of the artist to the main body of the trumpet. Without a mouthpiece, no sound can be produced from the trumpet, and the better the mouthpiece, the finer the bach trumpet sounds. Every mouthpiece features both the rim and cup as part of its design. This article looks at these components and what beginners or students should consider when looking for the right mouthpiece for their bach trumpet.
This is the round border of the mouthpiece where you set your lips against in order to play your bach trumpet, and it's one of the important parts to take into account. A rim with a somewhat flat shape permits uniform lip pressure throughout its surface. Additionally, it provides an excellent air seal and brings comfort, though it hardly offers much flexibility. On the other hand, rounded rim mouthpieces offer improved flexibility, permitting the lips to go back and forth across the cup so much that the trumpeter can generate a greater range of tones and effects. Nevertheless, rounded rims also call for greater lip pressure plus muscular lips in order to play. If you don't have enough air volume or the needed embouchure, you might end up pushing firmly against your lips, inhibiting circulation and finally restricting the flexibility synonymous with a rounded rim.
What beginners should opt for is a medium-wide rim featuring a semi-rounded shape and a somewhat sharp inward edge. This offers enough surface for relaxed lip pressure whereas providing the lip movement required to generate an assortment of tones.
This is the section inside the rim where you blow into. Typically, the bigger and deeper the cup, the greater and darker the tone the bach trumpet can produce. Nevertheless, large-sized cups demand plenty of control, which may quickly make you tired. On the other hand, smaller and narrower cups improve tone, control and response, besides requiring minimal effort. However, going too shallow can significantly reduce tone volume and flexibility. For beginners and students, opt for the largest diameter cup which you can play without tiring yourself very fast. Basically, a cup with a wider diameter provides additional consistent response across all registers, and stress-free lip control.
Armed with piece of information, besides the response from your mouth while playing, you are well prepared to start your hunt for the right mouthpiece.